Jude was a half-brother to the humanity of Jesus Christ. The book takes up the issue of apostasy and false teachers. It was written in circa 70-80 A.D.

Chapter 1
{Introduction 1-3}
1~~ Jude {contraction of Judas},
the servant/slave of Jesus Christ,
and brother of James,
to those having been loved by God the Father,
and preserved in Jesus Christ,
and the elected.

2~~ Mercy {grace in action} unto you,
and peace {reconciliation with God and personal peace},
and love {agape love} . . .
be multiplied {benefits keep on accruing}.

{Purpose of book}
3~~ Beloved one,
making all haste {zeal or haste - idiom 'got on the ball'}
to write to you concerning our common salvation,
but, I had necessity to write to you,
and exhort you
that you should earnestly fight for the faith {realm of bible doctrine} which was handed over to the saints.

{Note: It was Jude's original purpose in writing this book was on salvation, but he changed it to apostasy as he explains.}

{Warning of false teachers 4-7}
4~~ For there are certain men
that infiltrate in with secrecy,
who were before of old {in the old testament}
ordained to this execution of justice, ungodly men {usually an unbeliever},
turning {means to substitute in a bad sense}
the grace of our God into lasciviousness,
and denouncing the only Lord God {God the Father},
and our Lord Jesus Christ.

{Three types of apostasy - 1) Believers}
5~~ I will therefore remind you, and you already knew this -
how that the Lord,
having saved the people out of the land of Egypt,
afterward destroyed them that believed not.

{Note: This is an example of not using the faith rest technique - they were believers that God delivered from Egypt - because of their failure, the Lord proclaimed that the Exodus generation would not enter the promised land.}

{Three types of apostasy - 2) Angelic}
6~~ And the angels,
not having guarded their own beginning,
but deserted their own habitation {second heaven},
He has reserved in everlasting chains
under the authority of darkness
for the purpose of judgment of the great day.

{Note: These fallen angels did not stay in their own place - God segregates His creations - men are not to mate with animals, nor angels with women, etc. In Genesis 6:1, fallen angels made an attack on humanity by procreating with human females. This was a plan of Satan to eliminate true humanity. God put these angels in chains until the final judgment day after the millenium.}

{Three types of apostasy - 3) Unbelievers}
7~~ Even as Sodom and Gomorrha,
and the cities about them in like manner {like the fallen angels}, giving themselves over to fornication,
and going after strange flesh {flesh outside your species},
are exposed to public view for an example,
always staying under the judicial punishment
of eternal fire {because they are unbelievers}.

{Panorama of apostasy 8-13 . . . characteristics of the apostates}
8~~ In a similar manner, also, those
who are delusive/sensual dreamers defile the flesh ,
reject duly constituted authority,
and keep on maligning Glories {refers to the Trinity -each has Glory so the word in Greek is plural}.

{Note: mental attitude sins actually have detrimental affect on the body.}

9~~ (Yet Michael, the archangel, when verbally contending
with words with the devil
concerning the body of Moses
did not presume to bring a maligning act of judgement against him,
but said, "The Lord reprimand thee".)

{Note: Michael is Hebrew for 'He who is like God'. Michael is one of the top Generals of the Angelic forces and most likely the guardian angel of Israel. God put restrictions on Michael to use Bible doctrine against the devil only at this time. Physical combat will come after the millennial reign of Christ.}

10~~ But these {the apostates of verse 8}
malign those things {Bible Doctrines}
which they know not . . .
but what they have learned by natural instincts . . .
as unreasonable creatures {human, animal or angelic}
by means of these things they spoil or corrupt themselves {subjectivity}.

11~~ Woe unto them! {dative of disadvantage}
For they have gone in the way of Cain {approbation lust, jealousy like Cain had for Abel},
and ran greedily to the deceit of Balaam
and abandoning themselves to wages {materialism lust},
and were put to death in the revolution of Core.

{Note: In Hebrew is "Korah" and he led a revolt against Moses in the desert and the rebellion was put down by God and all those involved were killed - Numbers 16}.

{Five analogies to nature regarding apostasy - verses 12 and 13}
12-13~~ These {apostates again} are
{1} shoals {hidden rocks} in the spheres of your loves {plural},
when they party with you impertinently.

They are {2} clouds without water {empty without doctrine 2nd analogy}, carried about under the authority of winds {seduced or misdirected by false doctrines}.

{They are} {3} autumn trees without fruit {no divine production}, having died twice,
being plucked up by the roots {3rd analogy - dead trees without fruit and a tree so dead it is plucked out of the ground - twice dead - analogy}. 13~~

{They are} {4} raging {savage, untamed -4th analogy} waves of the sea, foaming out their own shames {picture of instability, waves make things difficult for ships etc.}.

{They are} {5} wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness {refers to the judgement of these unbelievers} forever.

{Note: Shoals are hidden rocks in the sea - making the sea shallow and therefore are dangerous to ships - and are difficult to detect.}

{Judgement of false teachers 14-16}
14-15~~ And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied concerning these {the apostates of the tribulation} saying,
"Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands {10,000's - plural - Greek idiom for an unlimited number} of his saints 15~~
to execute justice against all {all apostates}
and to convict all the ungodly concerning all of their impious deeds which they have impiously committed,
and concerning all the harsh things
which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him {Christ}."

{Note: Genesis 5:18 - Son of Jared . . . Enoch was a believer and the Father of Methuselah - oldest living recorded human - Enoch left the world without dying - before the flood see Hebrews 5.}

{Note: This is not the rapture of the Church -then the Church goes UP to Christ - at the second advent Christ comes back DOWN to Earth - the Baptism of FIRE }

16~~ These {apostates} are grumblers,
fault finders,
hopping from one place to another
according to the norm and standards of their own lusts,
and their speech communicates fat-headedness,
flattering individuals for acts of favor.

{Defense against false teachers of apostate 17-21}
17~~ But, beloved, remember the words
which were spoken before under the authority of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ {means this is from the New testament writings}.

18~~ How that they told you before {the Greek method of saying they will be summarizing someone's words}
" There will be mockers {can not refute your position logically so they
try to make fun of it} at the lowest time {any time apostasy is great in the Church Age is a Low Time},
who will hop from one place to another after the norm and standards of their own ungodly lusts."

19~~ These are the ones causing divisions {troublemakers}, soul-ish {unbelievers of true doctrine} . . . not having the Spirit.

{Note: Unbelievers do not have a Human Spirit. Believers out of fellowship are mimicking the unbelievers and are not filled with the Spirit}

20~~ But you all, beloved,
building upon yourselves {building an edification complex of the soul} by means of your most holy faith,
praying by means of the Holy Spirit.

{Grace orientation defense to apostasy}
21~~Guard your own soul
in the sphere of the love from God,
looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ
unto eternal life {Phase III orientation}.

{How to handle negative type apostates}
22~~ And some . . . keep on refuting when they dispute with you.

{Note: Challenge these types of people . . . argue with them when they are feisty with YOU- fire true doctrine back}

{How to handle positive type apostates - never had a chance to be exposed to doctrine}
23~~ And others . . .
save {deliver them from their apostasy},
snatching them out of the fire.
On others . . . have compassion,
through concentration {occupation with Christ},
hating even the garments defiled by the flesh {refers to their false doctrines that cover them like clothes}.

24-25~~ Now to Him who is able to keep you from falling,
and to present you faultless before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy . . . to the only God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord . . . be glory, majesty, dominion and authority . . . before all time and now and forever. Amen.


Joshua_Sozo™ and Syndein ™ are the Trademarks of Syndein a California DBA of Kenneth Sidley & Associates, Inc., a California Corporation. All rights reserved.

Copyright© Syndein 1982-2010. All rights reserved.

This page is sponsored by Kenneth Sidley, CPA, an Orange County California CPA (949) 706-3133. Please call Ken for high quality, low cost CPA services in Orange County California. This includes audit, review, compilation, tax returns, Quickbooks, and business consulting services.

This page is sponsored by Moxxor For Pain Free Living. Moxxor is a highly concentrated Omega 3 product that has reduced inflammation in this writer. Please go to this website to read more about Moxxor.