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Chapter 6
{Lord of the Sabbath}
6:1``And it came to pass, on 'the second Sabbath'
  {deuteroprotos sabbaton - means the second of the first Sabbaths
  after the feast of the Passover},
as He {Jesus} was going through the grain fields {sporimos - corn?},
His disciples picked some 'heads of grain'/'ear of corn' { Stachus},
rubbed {them} in {their} hands, and ate them.

{Note: The religious Jews had added many "don'ts" to the Mosaic Law. One of them made it illegal to 'work' on the Sabbath. Picking up a piece of corn and rubbing off its kernels into your hand is 'work' under their system of taboos.}

6:2`` And some of the Pharisees said,
"Why are you doing what is absolutely not {ouk}
lawful on the Sabbath?"

6:3-4`` Jesus 'had an answer for'/'gave a discerning answer
from the ultimate source of Himself to' {apokrinomai} them,
"Have you absolutely not {ouk} 'read and accurately understood'
  {anaginosko - to know accurately - to read and understand}
what David did when he and those with him were hungry {?} . . . 6:4`` how he entered the house of God,
took and ate the 'Bread of the Presence'
  {artos prothesis - sometimes called shewbread but it means 'Bread
  of the Presence' because it was made by the priests in the
  presence of God}
- which is not lawful for any but the priests to eat -
and gave it to those with him?"
  {See this action of David in I Samuel 21:6.}

6:5`` Then He {Jesus} kept on saying to them,
"The Son of Man {huios anthropos}
keeps on being the Lord of the Sabbath."

{Healing a Withered Hand}
6:6``And it came to pass, on another Sabbath,
He {Jesus} entered the synagogue
and was teaching and there was a man . . .
and his right hand was withered {xeros}.

6:7`` The scribes/'experts in the law'
  {grammateus - a scribe was a man who was learned in the Mosaic
  law and in the sacred writings. He was an interpreter and a
  teacher. Scribes examined the more difficult and subtle questions
  of the law. Then added their own interpretations to the meaning
  of the Mosaic Law and often distorted it.}
and the Pharisees watched Jesus closely
to see whether He would heal on the Sabbath . . .
so that they could find a reason to accuse Him
  {kategoria - means to bring a charge against someone in court}.

6:8`` But He perceived/knew their thoughts,
and said to the man with the withered hand,
"Get up and stand here {two orders}."

And, having risen, he stood.

6:9`` Then Jesus said to them {the scribes and Pharisees},
"I ask you, is it lawful on the Sabbath
to do good {agathopoieo} or to do harm {kakopoieo} {?} . . .
to save a soul/life {psuche} or to destroy {apollumi} {it}?"

6:10``And, having looking around {periblepo} at them all,
He {Jesus} said to the man, "Stretch out your hand {an order}."

And, the man did so . . .
and his hand was 'restored to its former state' {apokathistemi}.

6:11`` But they {the scribes and Pharisees}
were filled with 'mindless rage' {anoia}
and began debating with one another of the same kind {allelon}
what they would do to Jesus.

{Jesus Selects the Twelve to be Apostles}
6:12``Now it came to pass in these days,
that He {Jesus} went out to the mountain to pray.

And He was spending the entire night in prayer to God.

6:13``And when it became day,
He called His disciples/students {mathetes}
and chose twelve of them . . . whom He also named 'apostles'
  {apostolos - means to go forth as an ambassador under the
  authority of another}.

6:14-16``Simon - whom He named Peter
  {Petros - name means a little chip or rock (when Jesus said upon
  this Rock I will build My church, He used 'Petras' meaning Bolder.
  Jesus is the huge Rock - the Rock of Ages - and Peter is the 'little
  chip' - just as the other great man to be an Apostle - Paul - Paul's
  name means 'little' - humans are small and He is great!}
and his brother Andrew {so Peter and Andrew are brothers};
and James and John {they are brothers we saw earlier},
and Philip, and Bartholomew, 6:15``
and Matthew, and Thomas,
and James - the son of Alphaeus -
and Simon - who was called the Zealot 6:16``
and Judas - the son of James -
and Judas Iscariot - who became a traitor.

{The Sermon on the Plain}
6:17-18`` Then, having gone down with them,
He {Jesus} stood on a level place.

And a great crowd of His disciples/students had gathered
along with a great many people from all Judea,
from Jerusalem, and from the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon.

They came to hear Him and to be healed of their diseases . . .
6:18`` and those who suffered from unclean spirits
  {akathartos pneuma - synonym for fallen angels}
were being healed.

6:19``And all in the crowd were trying to touch Him {Jesus} . . .
because power {dunamis} was coming out from Him
and healing them all.

6:20-23``Then He looked up at His disciples/students and said:
" 'Blessed are'/'happinesses to/'spiritually prosperous are'
  {makarios -plural} . . .
{are} 'the materially destitute' {ptochos} . . .
for yours is the kingdom of God.

6:21`` 'Blessed are'/happinesses to/'spiritually prosperous are' . . .
{are} you who are hungering now,
because your desire shall be satisfied.

"'Blessed are'/happinesses to/'spiritually prosperous are' . . .
{are} you who are weeping now,
for you will laugh. 6:22``

'Blessed are'/happinesses to/'spiritually prosperous are' . . .
{are} you when people hate you,
and when they exclude you
and insult you and reject your name . . . as evil
on account of the 'Son of Man'
  {title for the humanity of Jesus Christ}! 6:23``
Rejoice in that day, and jump for joy,
for your reward is great in heaven . . .
for their ancestors did the same things to the prophets."

6:24``"But woe to you who are rich,
for you have received your comfort already.

{Note: It is not evil to be rich. It is just much more difficult to see the source of your prosperity if YOU think you are responsible for all the great wealth you have accumulated. You must keep your eyes on the SOURCE of your wealth, and that is difficult for rich people.}

6:25`` Woe to you who are well satisfied {with food} now,
for you will be hungry.

Woe to you who laugh now, for you will mourn and weep.

6:26`` Woe to you when all people speak well of you,
for their ancestors did the same things to the false prophets."

6:27`` "But I {Jesus} say to you who are listening:
'Impersonally love your enemies based on who and what YOU are'
  {agapeo - is the Greek word for love that means an impersonal love.
  You can only love your worst enemy if you forget their
  characteristics and concentrate on your own virtue and honor
  based on the doctrine in your souls - see I Corinthians 13 for more
  on all that agape type love entails}.

Do 'absolute good' {kalos} to those who hate you
  {kalos - divine good - means to apply divine viewpoint to the
  situation and allow God to produce divine good through you}.

6:28``Bless/Praise {eulogeo} those who curse you.

Pray for those who mistreat you.

6:29``To the person who strikes you on the cheek,
offer the other one also.

And from the person
who takes away your coat/'outer garment' {himation},
do not withhold your tunic/'under garment' {chiton} either.

6:30``Give to everyone who begs from you.

And do not ask for your possessions back
from the person who takes them away.

6:31`` Treat others in the same way
that you would want them to treat you."

6:32 "If {ei} you love {agapao} those who love {agapao} you
- and you do {1st class condition} -
what credit is that to you?

For even sinners {hamartolos} love {agapao}
those who love {agapao} them.

6:33``In fact, if {ean} you do {subjunctive mood} good
to those who do good to you
- maybe you do, maybe you do not {3rd class condition} -
what credit is that to you?

For even sinners do the same.

6:34``And if {ean} you lend {subjunctive mood}
to those from whom you hope to be repaid
- maybe you do, maybe you do not {3rd class condition} -
what credit is that to you?

Even sinners lend to sinners, so that they may be repaid in full.

6:35`` But 'impersonally love' {agapao} your enemies . . .
and do good . . .
and lend, expecting nothing back . . .
then your reward will be great,
and you will be 'young children {huios} of the Most High' . . .
because He Himself
is kind to ungrateful {acharistos} and evil {poneros} people.

6:36``Begin to be what you were not before' {ginomai} . . .
merciful . . . just as your Father is merciful."

6:37 "Do not {me} judge {krino - an order} . . .
and you absolutely will not {ouk me - strongest negative} be judged.

Do not {me} condemn { katadikazo - an order},
and you absolutely will not {ouk me - strongest negative}
be condemned.

'Set free'/forgive {apoluo - an order}
and you will be 'set free'/forgiven.

6:38``Give {didomi - an order} . . . and it will be given to you.

A generous measure that has been pressed down hard,
and which has been shaken thoroughly and which is running over
shall they give into the pouch of your outer garment.

For with the measure, you use with others
will be the measure you get back."

{Illustrations/Parables of Jesus}
6:39``Then He {Jesus} told them a parable:
"A blind man is not able/'does not have the power' {dunamai}
to lead a blind man, can he?

Won't they both fall into a pit?"

6:40`` "A disciple/student {mathetes}
is absolutely not {ouk} greater than his teacher,
but everyone when 'fully trained'/'perfectly equipped' {katartizo}
will be like his teacher."

6:41-42`` "Why do you see the speck in your brother's eye
  {a small sin he does, you notice},
but don't notice the beam of wood in your own?
  {all the sins you do, you overlook} 6:42``

How can you say to your brother,
'Brother, let me take the speck out of your eye,'
when you yourself don't see the beam of wood in your own?

You hypocrite!
  {hupokrites - it means 'being an actor on stage pretending you are
  something you are not'}

First take the beam of wood out of your own eye,
and then you will see clearly
to take the speck out of your brother's eye."

6:43-45``"For no good tree bears bad fruit,
nor again does a bad tree bear good fruit 6:44``
for each tree is known by its own fruit.

For figs are not gathered from thorn bushes,
nor are grapes picked from a bramble bush. 6:45``

The good person produces good
out of the good repository of his 'right lobe'/heart.

And the evil person produces evil
out of his evil respository.

For his mouth speaks out of what fills his 'right lobe'/heart."

{Note: This is a very important parable! In other words a human, thinking human viewpoint, can only produce human good. Only God with His Divine Viewpoint can produce divine good. So, from Proverbs 23:7a, we learn that 'what a man thinks in his 'right lobe'/heart, so he is. The great objective of life is to study doctrine, study doctrine, and - of your own free will - replace your human viewpoint thoughts with that revealed to us by God through His Word. In the Church Age, the bible is the Mind of Christ. It is His thinking - His viewpoint on life. When you apply His viewpoint to your life - willingly - then He produces divine good through you - and He gets the credit/glory! It is His thinking! And, not that you earn or deserve anything, but because of your free will decision, He gives you reward for the divine good that has been produced through you - in time and for eternity!}

{The Hebrew Shama` - Hear, Listen and Obey Principal}
6:46`` "Why do you call Me {Jesus} 'Lord, Lord,'
and don't do what I tell you?"

6:47-48`` "I {Jesus} will show you what someone is like
who comes to Me and listens to My Words
and puts them into practice: 6:48``
He is like a man building a house, who dug down deep,
and laid the foundation on bedrock.

When a flood came, the river burst against that house
but could not shake it, because it had been well built. 6:49``

But the person who hears and does not put My Words into practice
is like a man who built a house on the ground without a foundation.

When the river burst against that house, it collapsed immediately,
and its crash was great."

{Note: James said in Chapter 2:17 that faith without works is dead. That is what we also have here. The only way to produce 'good fruit'/'divine good production' (from verses 43-45) is to not only hear doctrine, but also to apply doctrine to experience - to put doctrine/'divine viewpoint' into action. So, if you take in doctrine and say 'that was nice' and go on your way still applying your own human viewpoint to experience, then bad fruit is still being produced - and that brings no glory to God or His house. But, if you apply His viewpoint to your life experiences,then that brings glory to the Lord.}


This page is sponsored by Kenneth Sidley, CPA.

This page is sponsored by Moxxor For Pain Free Living.