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Chapter 36
{Sennacherib of Assyria invades Judah}
1~~Now it came to pass in the fourteenth year
of the reign of king Hezekiah,
that Sennacherib, king of Assyria,
came up against all the defensed cities of Judah,
and took them.

{Note: When King Hezekiah came to the throne 14 years he has muddled up the waters (this verse dates the passage to 701 BC). He made many wrong moves. He did many 'superficial things' that made it appear that he was turning the country to the Lord. But he did not turn the minds of the people to God and His Word, so the results were not as good as he hoped. Sennacherib was tough and smart and a very vicious man.}

{Parallel Passage with II Kings Chapter 18:17 and following}
2~~And the king of Assyria sent the Rabshakeh
  {Rabshakeh is a title - the head of Sennacherib's state department
  - actually 3 brilliant men were sent - A 5 star general (the
  Rabsaris) was one also sent (see II Kings 18:17)}
from Lachish to Jerusalem unto king Hezekiah with a great army
  {185,000 men - part of an army that had not lost a battle in 200

And he stood by the conduit of the upper pool
in the highway of the fuller's field.
  {this was where the people did their laundry outside the walls of
  the city - And, from here the people in the walled city can see
  the 3 leaders of the state department and the acoustics are good
  - but the men on the wall had been studying doctrine under
  Isaiah the last year or more.}

{Three Leaders of the State Department - Three Frightened Men}
3~~Then came forth unto him Eliakim, Hilkiah's son,
  {Eliakim is the head of the Jewish State Department for Hezekiah}
which was over the house,
and Shebna the scribe,
  {Isaiah 22:15:20 Isaiah tells us Shebna was the former State
  Department head but he had been fired because he was a cluck
  and he was proud, stupid and vain - yet here he still is}
and Joah, Asaph's son, the recorder
  {Third leader of the State Department - he was responsible for all
  important government records}.

{Verses 4-11: A Remarkable Statement of Propaganda}
4~~And Rabshakeh said unto them,
"Say you now to Hezekiah,
'Thus said the great king . . . the king of Assyria,
  {implying that Hezekiah is just a punk - just a boy}
What confidence is this wherein you trust?' "
  {on what are you depending?? - say you on the wall - What are
  you trusting in? 1st will Egypt whom they just defeated; 2nd will
  be the Lord; 3rd then the national guard because the Jewish
  army has been defeated also}

5~~You think mere words
are strategy and power for war?
  {Referring to Isaiah's bible doctrine teaching the last year}

Now on whom do you trust, that you rebel against me?
  {speaking for Sennacherib}

{Three Possibilities of the Logical Human Viewpoint Approach}
{1st - Foreign Policy}
6~~Lo, you trust in the staff of this broken reed . . . on Egypt.
  {they leaned on the crutch of Egypt and that crutch was snapped
    by Assyria at the battle of Al-tee-ka (sp)}

Whereon if a man leans, it will go into his hand, and pierce it.

So is Pharaoh . . . king of Egypt to all that trust in him.

{2nd - Domestic Policy}
7~~But if you say to me,
'We trust in the Jehovah/God our 'Elohiym/Godhead.'

Is it not he . . . whose high places
and whose altars Hezekiah has taken away,
and said to Judah and to Jerusalem,
'You shall worship before this altar?'

{Note: When Hezekiah came to the throne he threw away all the 'false idols'. Only Jehovah could be worshiped in Israel. The Rabshakeh is mixed up and thinks that the gods in which he believes are the only 'diety' that could really help them.}

{3rd - Military Policy - Verses 8-9}
8~~Now therefore 'make a bet', please/'I pray you',
to my master the king of Assyria,
and I will give you two thousand horses . . .
if you be able on your part to set riders upon them.

{Note: Sarcasm - we have a lot of extra horses - we have 2000 extra and if you can get 2000 men who can ride them, we will provide the horses for them to ride! Meaning we know you do not have 2000 military men left in the city.}

9~~How then will you turn away the face
of one captain of the least of my master's servants,
and put your trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen?

{Note: Means it would be better to put their faith in a corporal in the Assyrian army than a general of the Egyptian army . . . and he is right! Haha But, also wrong when fighting against the Lord.}

10a~~And have I now come up . . .
without Jehovah/God . . .
against this land to destroy it?

{Note: He knows there is a strong movement toward some 'Jehovah' that he does not know. He is now trying to use propaganda against this 'god' - as he has done against others with false gods. He is saying HE is on god's side. Their success PROVES god is on their side!}

10b~~The Jehovah/God said unto me,
'Go up against this land, and destroy it.'

{Note: The Rabshakeh says God LEAD them to defeat Jerusalem. But this will not mislead those with doctrine in their souls! So, this is a lie. It was their so-called god who supported their campaign. He is taking Truth and distorting it - propaganda warfare continues.}

{Crackup of Jewish State Department - 3 Frightened Men}
11~~Then said Eliakim and Shebna and Joah
  {the Jewish State Department}
unto Rabshakeh,
"Speak, please/'I pray you',
unto your servants in the Aramaic language
  {the trade language of the day}.

For we understand it.

And speak not to us in the Jews' language,
in the ears of the people that are on the wall.

{Note: The State Department mentally transfer their own 'cowardness' to the people on the wall. But in reality, the people on the wall are strong believers and are relaxed.}

{The People Who Sit Upon the Wall - Mature Believers taught by Isaiah}
{Thesis - Rattling of the Saber}
12~~But Rabshakeh said,
'Has my master sent me to your master
and to you to speak these words?
  {must be shaking his head - Oh no}

Not to them,
but to the men who sit upon the wall,
that they may eat their own dung,
and drink their own piss with you?
  {Idiom meaning to die horribly and miserably under a siege of a city}

{Note: The state department is full of cowards and non-doctrinal people. They are defeated already. The Rabshakeh is talking to the hold-outs - the men with doctrine in their souls sitting on the walls and jeering at them and their huge army.}

{Verses 13-16: Antithesis - Promise of Good Times under their Rule}
13~~Then the Rabshakeh stood,
and cried with a loud voice in the Jews' language, and said,
"Hear you the words {dabar} of the great king,
the king of Assyria."

14~~Thus said the king,
"Let not Hezekiah deceive you . . .
for he shall not be able to deliver you.

15~~Neither let Hezekiah
make you trust in Jehovah/God, saying,
'Jehovah/God will surely deliver us.

This city shall not be delivered
into the hand of the king of Assyria.'

16~~'Hear, listen and obey' {shama`}
not to Hezekiah . . .
for thus said the king of Assyria,
'Make an agreement with me by a present,
and come out to me.
  {idiom meaning 'Give up'}

And eat you every one of his vine,
and every one of his fig tree,
and drink you every one the waters of his own cistern.
  {this contrasts with eating dung and drinking piss}

{Deportation Policy Declared because it is Well Understood}
17 Until I come and take you away
to a land like your own land,
a land of corn and wine,
a land of bread and vineyards.

{Note: The Jews know that in the past captives were taken to terrible places. The Rabshakeh is lying about what their fate will be when he conquers them to weaken their resolve.}

{Attempt to Undermine the Authority of Hezekiah}
18a~~Beware lest Hezekiah persuade you, saying,
'Jehovah/God will deliver us.'

18b~~Has any of the gods of the nations
delivered his land
out of the hand of the king of Assyria?

19~~Where are the gods/'elohiym
of Hamath and Arphad?

Where are the gods/'elohiym of Sepharvaim?

And have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?

20~~Who are they among all the gods/'elohiym of these lands,
that have delivered their land out of my hand,
that Jehovah/God should deliver Jerusalem out of my hand?

21~~But they held their peace,
and answered him not a word . . .
for the king's commandment was,
saying, 'Answer him not.'

{Note: These spiritual men are leaving it in the hands of the Lord. There place is to trust in the Lord and to respect the authority of Hezekiah. So they held together as a national entity.}

22~~Then came Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah,
who was over the household,
and Shebna the scribe,
and Joah, the son of Asaph, the recorder,
to Hezekiah with their clothes torn/rent,
and told him the words {dabar} of Rabshakeh.