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Chapter 51
{Chapter 51 and 52 Are Great Messianic Passages
  Subject - Encouragement to the People of God}

{Verses 1-3: Encouragement by the Foundation of the Jewish Race}
1~~'Hear, listen and obey' {shama`} to me
  {demand for the function of GAP - study and intake of divine
you who are pursuing/'following vigorously' vindication {tsedeq}
  {tsedeq - means righteousness when vindication calls for

You who intensively seek
  {strong, definite concentration}
  {all of this then refers to a believer whose thirst for the Lord and
  His Word is strong},
focus on the Rock
  {occupation with the person of Jesus Christ}
from which you are cut/hewn
  {today we are 'hewn' from the Rock and are the Royal Family of
and on the quarry from which you were dug
  {SuperGrace Occupation with the Person of Jesus Christ}.

2`` Look unto Abraham your father,
and unto Sarah who bore you.
For I called him alone,
and blessed him,
and increased him.

3``For Jehovah/God shall comfort Zion
  {encouragement by comfort from God}.

He will comfort all her waste places.

He will make her wilderness like Eden,
and her desert like the garden of Jehovah/God.

Joy and gladness shall be found therein,
and the voice of melody.

{Verses 4-8: Encouragement through the Word - GAP}
4``'Hear, listen and obey' {shama`}
unto me, my people;
and give ear unto me, O my nation.
For a law shall proceed from Me,
and I will make my judgment
to rest for a light of the people.

5`` My vindication/righteousness is near;
My salvation/deliverance is gone forth,
and My arms shall judge the people.
The isles shall wait upon Me,
and on My arm shall they trust.

6 Lift up your eyes to the heavens,
and look upon the earth beneath.

For the heavens shall vanish away like smoke,
and the earth shall grow/wax old like a garment,
and they who dwell therein shall die in like manner
but My salvation/deliverance shall be for ever,
and My vindication/righteousness shall not be abolished.

7~~Listen/'Hear, listen and obey' {shama`} to me,
you who understand {yada`}
{the principal of} vindication {tsedeq}
  {maximum doctrine producing the SuperGrace life},
the people in whose heart/'right lobe'
is My law/doctrine
  {meaning those who have doctrine/'divine viewpoint' resident in
    their souls do not need any vindication/justification from any

Fear you not the reproach/criticism {cherpah} of men,
and be not dismayed
by their denunciations denunciations/naggings/
bullying/revilings/condemnations {gidduwph}
  {A SuperGrace believer could care less about the criticism of
    others you have nothing to 'prove' or to 'show' to anyone else -
  you are in a higher league - all that stuff is childishness - you
  live every day as unto the Lord!}.

8 For the moth shall eat them up like a garment,
and the worm shall eat them like wool.

But My vindication/righteousness shall be for ever,
and my salvation/deliverance from generation to generation.

{Verses 9-16: Encouragement by Divine Essence}
9~~Wake up! Wake up!
  {`uwr `uwr - Qal imperative - an order -
  this is an anthropopathism - a trick of public speaking - Isaiah is
  ordering God to WAKE UP! - totally shocking - that made his
  listener's blink! this is 'left-handed' humor - wake up the people,
  by telling God to wake up. God does not sleep - it is the people in
  bible class who need the jolt!}

Be 'clothed with'/'put on'
Your Omnipotence/strength {`oz},
O 'arm of Jehovah/God'
  {a Title for Jesus Christ - see also Isaiah 40:10, 52:10, 53:1, 59:16,
  63:5 used for the Hypostatic Union - arm represents His humanity
  and Jehovah for His deity this is a prophetic representation of
  Jesus Christ in His future Hypostatic Union}.

Wake up! As in the 'days of old' . . .
in the generations of the past
  {referring to the Exodus Generation specifically} . . .
are you not the same One
Who has cut in pieces {chatsab} Egypt
  {Rahab (not Rahab the prostitute)-means 'insolence or pride'
   and is a word used for - see Psalm 89:10},
and pierced the crocodile {Pharaoh}
  {tanniyn - referring to the Pharaoh of the Exodus see
    Ezekiel 29:2-3}?

10 Are you not it which has dried the sea,
the waters of the great deep
who has made the depths of the sea
a way for the ransomed to pass over?

11`` Therefore the redeemed of Jehovah/God shall return,
and come with singing unto Zion;
and everlasting joy shall be upon their head.
They shall obtain gladness and joy;
and sorrow and mourning shall flee away.

{Verses 12-13: Jesus' Answer to the Wake Up Paragraph above}
12~~I, even I,
  {always One member of the Godhead - here Jesus Christ}
am He Who intensively/perfectly comforts you
  {nachim - Piel intensive participle}.

Who are you, that you should be afraid/fear
  {of the person or his criticisms of you}
of a 'mortal man'/'a man who shall die?
  {a person comforted by God has NO fear - comfort comes from,
  absolute confidence in the Promises of God - who cares what
  'man' thinks?}

And {who are you who is afraid}
of the son of man who shall be given as grass?
  {statement of judgment - all men are mortal and under the
    judgment of God}

{Verse 13: His Power to Create is the Same Power that Provides Comfort}
13``And {who are you who}
forgets Jehovah/God your maker . . .
Who has stretched forth the heavens
and laid the foundations of the earth.

And {who are you who}
has 'been in awe'/feared continually
every day because of the fury of the oppressor,
as if he were ready to destroy?

And where is the fury of the oppressor?

{God Delivers from the Most Hopeless of Circumstances}
14`` The captive exile is intensively anxious to be set free,
and that he should not die in the pit,
nor that his food should run out.

{God will Do Whatever it Takes to Deliver a Believer}
15``But I . . . {am}
Jehovah/God your 'Elohiym/Godhead,
Who divided the sea . . .
whose waves roared.

Jehovah/God of armies/hosts . . . {is}
His Name.

{His Deliverance is Given Prophetically through doctrine}
16 And I have put my words/'doctrinal communications' {dabar}
in your mouth,
and I have covered you in the shadow of My hand,
that I may plant the heavens,
and lay the foundations of the earth,
and say unto Zion, "You are My people."

{Verses 17-20: Encouragement by Catastrophe and Disaster -
  A Result Type of Encouragement - You never Know How Great God's
  Grace is without Disasters where Grace is Demonstrated}
17~~Wake yourself up! Wake yourself up!
  {`uwr `uwr - Hithpoel reflexive imperative - an order for you to do
  to yourself}

Stand up/Become Alert! O Jerusalem,
  {city filled with believers without doctrine in their souls
  told to get back to God and His Word}
which has continually drunk heavily {shathah}
from the hand of Jehovah/God the cup of His indignation . . .
the gauntlet drinking cup of staggering, you have drained it dry.
  {under maximum catastrophe and disaster - without doctrine}

18~~There is none to guide her
  {no one has divine viewpoint in their soul from the intake of
among all the sons whom she has brought forth.

Neither is there any who take her by the hand of all the sons
that she has brought up.

{Two Types of Disaster Categorized}
19 These two things are come unto you;
who shall be sorry for you?

Desolation, and destruction,
and the famine, and the sword . . .
  {economic and military categories of disaster}
by whom shall I comfort you?

20~~Your sons have fainted,
they lie at the head of all the streets,
like a wild bull in a net
  {lots of courage but no leadership with doctrine in their souls -
    no encouragement from the ultimate source of God}.

They are full of the fury of Jehovah/God . . .
the rebuke of your 'Elohiym/Godhead.

{Verses 21-23: Encouragement by Divine Deliverance}
{Verse 21: Under Great Disaster - Drunk But not with Wine}
21~~Therefore hear, listen and obey
  {shama` - imperative mood - an order}
now this, you afflicted,
and drunken, but not with wine . . .

{Verse 22: Part of the Divine Cycle - the 4th Cycle of Discipline}
22~~"Thus said the 'Adown/Lord . . .
Jehovah/God . . . 'Elohiym/Godhead . . .
Who pleads the cause of His people,
"Behold, I have taken out of your hand
the gauntlet drinking cup of staggering,
even the dregs of the cup of My indignation;
you shall no more drink it again."

{Negative Volition to God and His Word Changed to Positive Volition
  and the Result}
23~~"But I will put it {the cup}
into the hand of them who afflict you.
  {the cup of divine discipline will be taken from Israel and given to
    their persecutors God never condones Anti-Semitism}

Who have said to your soul,
"Bow down
  {means to make them a slave},
that we may go over.

And you have laid your body as the ground,
and as the street, to them that went over."
  {means absolute slavery, bullying, abuse of the Jews}