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Chapter 53
{Verse 1: Introduction to the Messianic Prophecy}
1~~Who has been caused to believe our report/message
  {the Gospel of Christ}?

And to whom is the 'arm of the Jehovah/God' revealed?

{Note: The Arm of Jehovah is the humanity of the Lord Jesus Christ in His 1st Advent. An arm is usually moving - it is working. The 'finger of God' was all that was necessary to create the universe. For the Justice of God to be right in forgiving imperfect creatures (salvation) requires the Arm of God - it is much more difficult for God to accomplish - and only the work of Jesus Christ on the cross permitted salvation to be possible for those who believe.}

{Note: Paul quotes this in Romans 10:16.}

{Verses 2-4: The 1st Advent and the Cross.}
2~~For He {humanity of Christ}
shall grow up before Him
  {God the Father as the author of the divine plan}
as a tender plant,
and as a root out of a dry ground.
  {lack of the water of the Word - religious Israel lacking bible
  doctrine in their souls and negative volition to God and His Word}

He has neither ostentation
nor 'majestic appearance'/'striking beauty';
and when we shall see Him,
there is no glamour that we should 'desire Him'.
  {rejection of Jesus Christ as the Messiah and Son of God}

{Note: Oriental imagery often use plants to depict various types of people. Whenever a VIP or a king was mentioned he was always pictured as a great tree. A rich man was called a great tree. Jesus Christ was not a tree but a little plant, a tender plant. And little tender plants were used for ordinary people. In other words/'doctrinal communications' {dabar}, He came the ordinary way. They expected the Messiah to arrive as a full-grown tree. They expected Christ to come in majesty the first time; that is the way He is coming the second time. And so, instead of coming the first time in majesty He came as a child in His mother's arms.}

{Note: The root means that Christ is the founder of the Jewish race. Christ called Abraham personally out of Ur of the Chaldees. And, at the 2nd Advent He is not only the root of the tree but Christ is called the Branch of the tree. He, as David's greater Son, will reign forever as the Branch.}

{Note: "Form" means literally no striking beauty nor ostentation. He wasn't dressed up like a king. And because the Jews looked at life from the human viewpoint they didn't see Messiah from the scriptures. Consequently they rejected Him.}

3~~He received the manifestation of their despising {insults}
and was rejected of men
  {Jesus in the 1st Advent being rejected by the religious Jews}
A man of sorrows and He kept on knowing grief
and we were caused to hide our faces from Him.
  {brought to shame and could not look at him - like looking on a
   leper - this will occur at the Judgment Seat of Christ}

He received condemnation {being despised},
and we did not esteemed {calculate correctly} Him.

4~~Therefore, He Himself
  {Jesus Christ on the cross}
has borne/carried
  {nasa' - to lift up something that is heavy}
{the guilt of}
afflictions {choliy}
  {the guilt of our sinful afflictions and fear of death}.

He carried {cabal} like a heavy burden {our sinful guilt}.

Consequently, we
  {the Jews of the Day of His Incarnation}
evaluated {chashab} Him
the One being stricken/'struck down by judgment' . . .
the One caused to be judged/
smitten by 'Elohiym/Godhead {the Father} . . .
even, the One being degraded/ humbled/'made to labor' {`anah}
  {by bearing our sins on the cross - Christ did the salvation work
  (singular) on the cross}.

{Verses 5-6: Man's Condition and the Cross.}
{Verse 5: Jesus Christ's Substitutionary Atonement}
5~~Consequently, He
  {the Messiah - Jesus Christ} {and only He}
was the One intensively wounded/pierced
by our transgressions.
  {pesha` - pierced BY our transgressions (and FOR the guilt of
  those sins)}

The One being 'totally crushed'/bruised {daka'}
by our 'punishment for sins'/iniquities {`avon}.

The 'teaching by punishment'
  {muwcar - learning the hard way - 'hit the child's hand so you do
  not reach at the dinner table' type thing}
on Him {strong substitutionary principal here}
produced our peace/reconciliation
  {reconciliation of 'mankind after the fall' with the righteousness of
  God - the justice of God was propitiated}.

And by His bruise
  {chabbuwrah - singular - one bruise - also quoted in I Peter 2:24
  Christ was ONE massive bruise when He was taking our
we are 'sewn together'/restored/
forgiven/'reconciled {with God}' {rapha'}.

{Doctrine of Unlimited Atonement}
6~~All of us - like '{stupid wayward} sheep' {tso'n}
- have 'gone astray'/wandered
  {panah - of our 'own free will' we do this -
  Universality of sin - all mankind are born with the sin of the father
  (except Jesus and this is the reason for the virgin birth)}.

We have turned, each one, to his own way
  {doctrine of the free will of mankind}.

And the Jehovah/God {God the Father here}
has 'caused to fall'/laid on Him
  {the humanity of Jesus Christ}
the 'punishment for sin'/iniquity {`avon}
of us all.

{Note: Wandering sheep go where they want, but they never seem to go in the right direction on their own. For salvation, we have to rely on the work of Christ on the cross.}

{Note: The verse starts and ends with 'all'. Why? Because we all could not earn salvation for ourselves. Someone had to obtain it for us. That someone is Jesus Christ. Please notice he doesn't say the transgression of us all because transgression is a limited form of sin, a violation of known law. But there are millions of sins in addition to that so he says "the iniquity of us all." God the Father took all of these sins and caused them to fall on Christ on the cross.}

{Verses 7-8: Our Lord's Pre-cross Pressures}
7~~He {Jesus Christ} was oppressed/abused {nagas}
  {direct pressure from demons and demon influenced humans},
and He, and only He,
was the One being degraded/ humbled/'made to labor' {`anah},
yet He opened not His mouth.
  {He kept His poise. When Christ was being beaten and tortured
  before and on the cross, He did NOT cry out in pain ONCE -
  only when His perfection touched sin for the first time, did He cry

He {Jesus Christ}
is caused to be brought {yabal}
just as a lamb to the slaughter . . .
and as a ewe {female sheep}
before the one shearing her
has been silent . . .
so He opened not His mouth.

8~~He {Jesus Christ}
was taken away {laqach}
by oppression
  {`otser - referring to the Jewish trials}
and by judgment
  {mishpat - referring to the Roman trials}
  {distortion of both the great systems of law of the day - Roman
   and Jewish law. This refers to the manner that the religious Jews
  could rid themselves of Jesus Christ - 6 so called 'trials' and
  imprisonment and death}.

From His generation,
who 'thought about it'/'gave it any consideration'
  {siyach - means to ponder and give a subject careful
of the fact that He was cut off
  {gazar - unusual word for cutting off - means to be totally
  ostracized - to cut them off because you do not like them -
  to kill them}
from the land of the living?
  {reference to the Physical Death of Christ -
  see verse 12 for more on this}

Because of the transgression {pesha`}
of My people,
'the stroke of judgement' {nega`}. . .
{fell} on Him
  {God's divine justice HAD to punishment ALL human sins.
    He took this judgment to Himself on the cross}.

{Verse 9: Our Lord's burial and the Cross.}
9~~While His burial would be assigned with criminals
  {meaning in obscurity - Jesus hung on the cross surrounded by 2
  true criminals and He should have been buried in an anonymous/
  obscure place under Roman law - but the Jews wanted to show
  He did NOT rise from the dead so He was not buried where
yet He would be associated with a 'rich man' {`ashiyr}
in His deaths;
  {plural - first spiritual death, then physical death -
  though crucified with criminals, He was buried in a rich man's tomb
  this was part of God's intervention - the most prominent tomb of
  the day - that of the rich man, Joseph of Arimathea}
because He had done no 'wrong of any kind' {chamac},
neither was any deceit {mirmah} in His mouth.
  {no overt sins nor sins of the Tongue - He was without sin
  God also knows Jesus had no mental attitude sins, but
  that is not covered here - just that He was witnessed to be
  without sin is covered here.}

{Verse 10: Our Lord's Resurrection and the Cross}
10a~~Yet, it was willed/desired/purposed
  {chaphets - can mean to 'please, love or desire' but that meaning
  is not correct here - it was a command decision by the Father}
by Jehovah/God
  {God the Father}
to 'totally crush'/bruise
  {daka' - Piel intensive stem}
  {humanity of Jesus Christ - see also Psalm 22:6}.

10b~~He {God the Father}
caused the affliction {chalah}
when You will appoint His soul 'a Trespass offering'
  {'asham - the 5th Levitical offering - the Trespass offering - the
    Doctrine of 'Gain'},

{Note: This sentence all of a sudden switches from the third person to the second person. This is Isaiah's version of a parenthetical insertion to show 'when' this will happen - at the time of the cross. Now why did Isaiah only mention the Trespass offering instead of also the other four types of offering (Leviticus 5 and 6). The trespass offering portrays the rebound offering with emphasis on the known sin. The one who is wronged is the gainer. So, here Jesus Christ is wronged and He is the gainer - He gained a Royal Family. God also is wronged by our sinning and He also gains. He sends one Son to the cross and He has many sons for eternity (see 10c next). The trespass offering is the 'emphasis' here. God gains by having His Son back in heaven. And, Jesus had to die in order to be resurrected - He is 'the first fruits' - so that the rest of us could be resurrected also.}

10c~~He {God the Father} shall see . . .
  {God planted one seed - Jesus Christ (a seed must die for a new
   plant to grow); God harvested millions and millions of harvest
  -Royal sons - God's gain - (Union with Christ - believers in Christ
  in the Church Age are Royal Family of God)}

 10d~~He {God the Father} shall cause
the prolonging {'arak} of his days.
  {Israel's gain - David's Greater Son will reign forever -
  emphasizes the duration of the Resurrection - it is forever}

10e~~And the 'plan' {chephets - the noun form}
of Jehovah/God
shall advance in His {Jesus Christ's} hand
  {anthropomorphism - ascribing an attribute to God that He does
  not really have - a technique used to make a point in terms
  human intellect could understand}.

{Note: The 'hands' that created the universe were the hands that were nailed to the cross. The hands of the creator became the hands of the Jesus/Savior/Messiah/Christ. The hands of the Messiah/Christ are the hands of security - though we fall, God upholds us with His hands - see Psalm 37:24 and John 10:28. The hands of Messiah/Christ are also the hands of Resurrection. The plan of the Father is advanced in His hands. He is now seated at the right hand of the Father in heaven.}

{Verse 11: Doctrine of Salvation and the Cross}
11~~From the sorrow of His soul
  {God the Father - anthropopathism to describe in human terms
  the effect of God the Father judging His Son as a substitute for
He shall observe the 'trouble of His soul'
  {imputation of Judgment to the humanity of Jesus Christ},
and shall be satisfied/propitiated.

By His knowledge/understanding {da`ath} . . .
by His Righteous Servant {Jesus Christ} . . .
will vindicate/justify the many.
  {the sins of all humans were imputed to Him and judged on the
  cross thereby fulfilling ' the wages of sin is death'}

For He {Jesus Christ}
and only He
shall bear their 'punishment for sins'/iniquities {`avon}.

{Verse 12: Our Lord's glorification and the cross.}
12~~Therefore I {God the Father}
will distribute to Him {Christ}
the spoils/'plunders of victory' . . .
because of the many {believers}.

Then He
  {Jesus Christ as King of King and Lord of Lords}
will distribute the spoils to the 'great ones'/'mighty ones'
  {`atsuwm - mature believers}
because He has 'poured out'/exhaled His soul to death
  {AFTER spiritual death on the cross, Christ said,
   'Father unto You I dismiss my spirit' and He physically died on the
  cross} . . .
prior to which He was identified with the offerings for sin
  {in the animal sacrifices, Christ's sacrifice on the cross was
and He lifted up and carried the sin of the many
  {all the human race}
and about the offering for sin,
the whole thing was caused to fall upon Him.