Jump to:


I Thessalonians

Paul wrote this on his second missionary journey in the South of Greece when Timothy brought him the news that the Church in Thessalonica was very confused on a number of doctrinal issues.

Thessalonica was the capital of Macedonia in Greece. It was famous as a wealthy city and had a great seaport.

This epistle is Eschatological (references future things - prophesy) in nature - Second Advent or the rapture. This is the only Pauline epistle without any Old Testament citations and indicates the Church in Thessalonica is probably a purely 'Gentile' church. It is FILLED with doctrine. And, it discusses the oral teaching of the apostles - which had divine authority until the canon was completed.

I and II Thessalonians were Paul's first letters. They are both Eschatological in nature. Eschatological means "a belief or a doctrine concerning the ultimate or final things, such as death, the destiny of humanity, the Second Coming, or the Last Judgment."

Paul uses a number of Greek words that are technical in their use. Each is very important for the mature believer to understand.

Every Koine Greek verb and participle has a tense, voice, and mood. They make a great difference in understanding the action of the sentence. See www.blueletterbible.org for a good on-line reference.

Chapter 1
1a~~ Paul {Saul Paulus of Tarsus} [Paulos]
and Silas [kai Silouanos]
  {Silvanus - a member of Paul's missionary team and
  a scribe mentioned in I Peter 5:12}
and Timothy [kai Timotheos]
  {Timotheos - another member of Paul's team. Timothy
  was a pastor-teacher and initially "weak". Paul had
  to deal stearnly with him but he grows to become a
  very mature believer and leader of the early Church},
[unto] the church of the Thessalonians
  [ekklesia Thessalonikeus]
in/by/with [en]
God the Father [Theos Pater]
and [kai]
the Lord Jesus Christ. [Kurios Iesous Christos]

1b~~ Grace
  [charis - Plan of God - all God can do for you]
[to] you,
and [kai] peace
  [eirene - inner happiness],
from the ultimate source of [apo]
God our Father,
  [Theos hemon Pater]
and [kai] the Lord Jesus Christ.
  [Kurios Iesous Christos]

2~~ We thank  
  [eucharisteo (present active indicative)]
The God [Theos]
always concerning you all,
  [pantote peri humon pas]
ourselves making mention
  [poieo (present middle participle) mneia]
of you [humon]
upon/in [epi] our prayers.
  [hemon proseuche]

3~~Always remembering habitually
  [mnemoneuo (present active participle) adialeiptos -
  means "with the rapidity of a hacking cough"]
your "Divine Good Production"
  [humon ergon (its "good" use)]
from the source of faith/doctrine,
and [kai] "intense labor united with trouble" [kopos]
of "impersonal agape type love" [agape]
and patience/"'honorable endurance under pressure"
  [hupomone - see Romans 5:3]
of hope/"absolute confidence"
of our Lord Jesus Christ,
  [hemon Kurios Iesous Christos ]
"in the sight/presence of" God
  [emprosthen Theos]
and our Father.
  [kai hemon Pater]

4~~ "Knowing from experience with results that last forever"
  [oida (perfect active participle)]
brethren [adelphos] . . .
  {adelphos - brother - fellow "family members" in the Family of God}
"loved in the past from the ultimate source of God
 with the result that we are agape loved by God (based on Who and
  what He is) . . . forever" . . .
  [agape (perfect passive participle) apo Theos]
your election/choice. [ekloge]

5a~~Because/That [hoti]
our gospel/'good news'
  [hemon euaggelion]
absolutely did not come/"become what it was not before"
  [ouk ginomai - aorist passive indicative]
to/toward [eis] you [humas]
in/by/with [en] word only [logos monon],
but, in contrast, [alla]
also/and/even [kai]
in/by/with [en] "inner power" . . . [dunamis]
also/and/even [kai]
in/by/with [en] the Holy Spirit [hagios pneuma] . . .
also/and/even [kai]
much/many "full assurance"/"full conviction".
  [polus plerophoria]

5b~~"Just as"/"According as" [kathos]
you know with results that are permanent
  [oida (perfect active indicative)]
"what kind of [men]"/"what manner of [men]" [hoios]
we became
 [ginomai (aorist passive indicative)]
in/by/with/among [en] you [humin]
"for your sake"/on account of you". [dia humas]

[Note: In the following verses, we learn that the kind of men they became were teachers of doctrine. They taught students who eventually became teachers themselves. Indigenous peoples respond best to people of their own race and culture. It is best for foreigners to teach local teachers who then teach their own people.]

6~~And, [kai]
having received ourselves the Word
  {Paul taught them doctrine - they were his students}
  [dechomai (aorist middle participle - the action of the participle
  precedes that of the main verb)]
in/by/with/"in the sphere of" [en ]
much/many pressures/adversity
  [polus thlipsis]
"accompanied by"/with [meta]
the "inner happiness"/joy [chara]
of the Holy Spirit . . . [hagios pneuma]
you "became what you were not before"
 [humeis ginomai (aorist passive indicative)]
  [mimetes - a "mime" comes from this word]
of us and of the Lord.
  [hemon kai Kurios]

[Note: One of the purposes of Jesus' 1st Incarnation was to act as our "prototype" or "copy-head". He studied and developed pure Divine Viewpoint. He then applied that to His life's experiences. We are to learn the "doctrines of Jesus" and allow His Thinking to guide our lives also. We are to "imitate" Him.]

7~~So then [hoste]
you [were] to become yourself what you were not before
  [ginomai (aorist middle infinitive)]
an example/"blueprint" [tupos]
  [a pattern or mold to follow - Jesus learned and applied Divine
  viewpoint to His "Way" of life - we are to follow His Way]
[to] all believing
  [pas pisteuo (present active participle)]
in/by/with [en] Macedonia
  [Makedonia - a country bounded on the south by Thessaly
  and Epirus, on the east by Thrace and the Aegean Sea,
  on the west by Illyria, and on the North by Dardania and Moesia]
and [kai] Achaia.
  [Achaia - in a restricted sense, the maritime region of northern
  Peloponnesus. In a broader sense, a Roman province embracing
  all Greece except Thessaly.]

8~~For . . . [gar]
from the ultimate source of you [apo humon]
  {they taught people who taught people who taught others} . . . "a sound/report went out with results that last forever" . . .
  [execheomai (perfect passive indicative)]
the Word of the Lord [logos Kurios]
absolutely not [ouk] only [monon]
in/by/with [en] Macedonia and [kai] Achaia
but, in contrast also/and . . . [alla kai]
in every place . . .
  {they Turned the World upside down - Acts 17:6 -
  World Wide Evangelism}
your faith/doctrine
  [humon pistis - their faith in God - then their
  faith in the doctrines in the Bible]
"with regard to"/"face to face with" [pros]
God [Theos]
"is spread abroad"/"goes forth" with results that last forever
  [exerchomai (perfect active indicative)]
so that/then [hoste]
we do not have a need
  [hemas chreia me]
to speak any thing.
  [echo laleo (present active infinitive) tis]

{Note: Paul taught the Thessalonians doctrine. They taught people who taught people on and on. Paul was now in Corinth and the towns around that area and kept running into believers! He asked them who gave them the word. The line of teaching went from one trader to another traveler until the source was traced back to the Thessalonians and Paul was thrilled with their evangelistic work!}

9a~~For [gar] they [autos]
  [the believers that Paul was encountering in his journey]
openly declare
  [apaggello (present active indicative)]
near/around us [peri hemon]
what manner of [hopoios]
"entering into a Way"
  [eisodos - a gate opening - Paul's teaching about God and His
  Son and the doctrines of Jesus - a new Way of living]
we had face to face with you.
  [echo pros humas]

9b~~And how/"in what way" [kai pos]
you turned [epistrepho (aorist active indicative)]
face to face with God [pros Theos]
out from the ultimate source of idols [apo eidolon] . . .
to serve/"to be a slave of"
  [douleuo (present active indicative) - the best job in the World
  is to be the slave of the Perfect Master - it is His responsibility
  to care for His slaves!]
the living
  [zao (present active participle) - zao is the form of
  living that emphasizes the act of living or the Way of Life]
and true God.
 [kai alethinos Theos - alethinos is the "opposite to what is fictitious,
  counterfeit, imaginary, simulated or pretended"]

[Note: If you read the Ten Commandments closely, you will find that it does NOT say there is only one god! It says "thou shalt have no other god before me." (Deuteronomy 5:7) It was not until we get to the New Testament where the mystery again is revealed that there really is only One True God (see I Corinthians 8:4).]

10~~And [kai]
to wait "with patience and trust"/"eager anticipation" for
  [anemeno (present active infinitive)]
His Adult Son . . . [autos huios]
out from [ek] heaven [ouranos] . . .
  {2nd Advent of Christ}
Whom He [God] raised
  [hos egeiro (aorist active indicative)]
out from the physically dead
  [ek nekros - nekros is used for the death of a physical body] . . .
[even] Jesus . . .
  {referring back to the 1st Advent of Christ}
which [death] itself delivered us
  [ho rhoumai (present middle/passive indicative)]
out from the ultimate source of [apo]
the wrath itself about to receive coming.
  [orge erchomai (present middle/passive indicative)]

[Note: God delivers believers THROUGH or OUT FROM disaster. Noah was delivered through the flood. The Church will be raptured OUT FROM the Tribulation. That means the Church will be raptured before the Tribulation.]


Joshua_Sozo™ and Syndein ™ are the Trademarks of Syndein a California DBA of Kenneth Sidley & Associates, Inc., a California Corporation. All rights reserved.

Copyright© Syndein 1982-2010. All rights reserved.

This page is sponsored by Kenneth Sidley, CPA, an Orange County California CPA (949) 706-3133. Please call Ken for high quality, low cost CPA services in Orange County California. This includes audit, review, compilation, tax returns, Quickbooks, and business consulting services.

This page is sponsored by Moxxor For Pain Free Living. Moxxor is a highly concentrated Omega 3 product that has reduced inflammation in this writer. Please go to this website to read more about Moxxor.