Parts of Speech





Greek Words and Concepts



Operational Power of Living






One Another





Gnosis - knowledge - general knowledge from study
There are a few Greeks for knowledge. Gnosis is the type of knowledge obtained through study or experience.

Epignosis - knowledge - the HIGHER knowledge from study
There are a few Greeks for knowledge. Gnosis is the type of knowledge obtained through study or experience. Paul added the prefix "epi" which means "over" or "upon". Epignosis comes to mean the "greater knowledge" that comes when believers in Christ learn the doctrines of Jesus in fellowship under the guidance of God the Holy Spirit. Having as much epignosis doctrine in the norms and standards of your soul is the goal. When you apply "Jesus' thinking" to your life experiences, Jesus "works" or "lives" through you. Any credit is HIS! It is His thinking! He gets the glory. And, He rewards you for your faithfulness in time and eternity future.

Oida - inner knowledge - to perceive
There are a few Greeks for knowledge. Oida is to "know in your heart" type knowledge. You just know this is correct.

Sophia - Wisdom
Paul distinguishes between "sophia anthropinos" (I Corinthians 2:4) (or "sophia kosmos") and "sophia Theos" (I Corinthians 1:20 and following).

When used in a bad sense, sophia refers to the "wisdom of mankind" or the "wisdom of the world" or "human viewpoint thinking". It is literally the "wisdom which belongs to men".

When used in a good sense, it means "Divine Viewpoint". It can be demonstrated by humans when they replace the human norms and standards in the conscience of their soul with those taught in the Bible - particularly the doctrines of Jesus. Then when the believer in Christ is in fellowship (I John 1:9) and Walks/Lives using the doctrines of Jesus, Jesus lives through him. He receives the credit since it is His thinking after all. (see also next the POWER by which one lives a spiritual life).

Operational Power of Living

An unbeliever or a believer who has not grown (see I Corinthians 3:1) is "born again" - a baby - but has no growth. They both operate under the power of their own flesh (sarkikos) and it is hard for others to tell the difference.

In Galatians, Paul calls this operating under the "lusts of the flesh". They are operating on their own power and generate their own righteousnesses (wood, hay and stubble).

Now in contrast, as a believer in Christ places his faith in the doctrines of Christ, he learns doctrine. He learns that he is a sinner and will sin. He learns to use I John 1:9 to recover and then continue to grow. When a person believes in Jesus, we receive the same source of power He operated under in His 1st Incarnation - "and in not many days hence the Father will send His Spirit". We are permanently indwelled with the Holy Spirit sent by God. He is our personal Paraclete/Helper/Teacher. When we are in fellowship and allow Him to guide us, to assist us to learn and apply Divine Viewpoint, we are powered by God the Holy Spirit.

Our choice is to operate under the power of the flesh or the power of the Spirit. One way is to live a "spiritual life"; the other way is to be "carnal" or "fleshly". Learn to Walk in the More Excellent Way of Jesus Christ - powered by God the Holy Spirit. To Him be the glory! Amen.


The doctrine of election is a mature doctrine. Theologians disagree. Here is my understanding: 1) God is sovereign and He has the right to "First Choice". His choice is given. He desires that ALL be saved
(I Timothy 2:4). Now, I Timothy 2:4 is referring to the desires of the Deity of Jesus, but all members of the Godhead have always agreed in everything. So, if One member of the Godhead desires this, all members of the Godhead agree. 2) Verses tell us that ALL are not saved. So there must be another criteria involved in election. 3) God is Omniscient. That means He always has known the knowable. He always has known who would "hear His call" and respond positively. 4) So, technically . . . chronologically . . . God's choice of Jesus (and us through Him) came first. But, practically speaking, God chose us because He knew we "would" eventually choose Him from our own free will.


Theos - God/"Godhead"
In the Konie Greek, Theos is use for God. When Paul discusses all the Personalities Who are Deity, he uses "Godhead". Trinity is not a Biblical term. I prefer not to use it because it indicates a number that limits God.

The New Testament reveals God the Father, God the Son, and the "Spirit to be sent by the Father" called God the Holy Spirit. These are the three mentioned so "Trinity" was adopted by men. Paul uses Godhead (which does not indicate a number so that is what I will also use.)

The Hebrew has a sacred Tetragrammaton (Leviticus 1:1) (JHVH without vowel points). It is too sacred to pronounce so they say "Adonai" which is equivalent to "Kurios" in the Konie Greek and is translated "Lord". I believe there was a mystery not revealed to the Jews who do not believe in the Deity of Jesus (where God the Holy Spirit would then make Jesus' doctrines real to them). When the Hebrew mentions Jehovah or Adonai, those words represented ONE member of the Godhead. When the member of the Godhead was "manifest", it was Jesus Christ. When the entire Godhead was in view, the Jews used the plural word "Elohym" which is a plural without a number. When applied to heathen deity, it was translated "gods". When used for the One True God, it should be translated "Godhead" without number. God is infinite. Each and every one of them is exactly the same Infinite Deity.

Prayer and Eucharist

Proseuche/Eucharisteo - prayer and the Eucharist.

Eucharisteo is the Greek word for giving thanks. The ritual of the Eucharist is actually giving thanks to God for the gift of His Son Jesus Christ. It is a solemn ritual that should never be entered into out of fellowship. Make sure you use I John 1:9 FIRST and restore your fellowship before entering into the Eucharist ritual. Otherwise, you can become ill or worse if you do not
(I Corinthians 11:30). See Jesus' instructions - starting with the "washing the feet ritual" to remember "fellowship recovery" in John 13.

Now, I Thessalonians is the oldest epistle of Paul. It starts pretty much in the format of a prayer. As I mentioned, prayer and the Eucharist Ritual are both "giving thanks" to God.
1) Paul would have used "fellowship recovery" first if necessary
  (I John 1:9).
2) Next, Paul indicates that the prayer is addressed to God the Father.
3) Next he mentions the Lord Jesus Christ. After the cross, all prayer
  is delivered to God through our Great High Priest - Jesus Christ in
  His Resurrection Body. Often this "thanks for the method of
  delivery" is how a prayer is ended.
4) Next thanks should be given to God for all things He has graciously given
  us - in general (Romans 8:28).
5) Next specific thanks for individual things that you recognize helped
  you mature - both what you originally thought were good and bad!
6) Finally, a believer should remember those who need prayer
  support (rulers, military, businesses, family, the ill, projects, etc.)
7) Finally, a believer can have personal requests IF the motivation is pure.


Moicheia - adultery
Before the cross, it was thought that women were the property of their husbands. For another male to sleep with the wife of a man was "stealing" his property. It was not until the Body of Christ when the mystery was revealed (the world could now handle the concept) that IN CHRIST there is no more male or female. Now a man operating by the lusts of his flesh and "steps out" is also committing adultery.

Porneia - illicit sexual intercourse
Sex should be between only a man and his wife. Any sexual intercourse outside of that relationship established by God is illicit.

For the Greeks, the term really had an exceptionally bad connotation. They would leave the bounds of their marriage to have sex with priests, priestesses, and animals (in any and all combinations) in temples to "honor" their gods. A believer in Christ becomes part of the Body of Christ. For him/her to have sex with a priestess to honor a false god would be symbolically for the "body of Christ" to "become one with" a false god and this is exceptionally despicable.


Nipios - a baby who can not yet speak
Teknon - a minor child
Huios - Adult son
To understand the meaning of the Bible with respect to "children", it is important to understand the principal of "adoption" in the day the Bible was written. It literally is "to become an adult son" and not what we think of as "adoption" today. While a minor child - ("nepios" being one who can not speak; "teknon" being one who is being trained), the son/heir in a wealthy family is similar to a slave in authority. Slaves dress him, pay his expenses, teach him and act as his bodyguard. Then at about 14 years old, his father gives him a party and awards him with a "toga of adulthood". At that time, he receives part of his inheritance (instead of at death - at this point he receives a portion of his family assets). He now can make adult decisions, join the military, etc. He has now grown and is respected and trusted by the "father". He is now a "huios" or adult son
(see how Paul uses this concept in Galatians 4:1) .

One Another

Allelon - means one another of the same kind.
Once more it is so inaccurate to translate both allelon and heteros as "one another" with out indicating which kind is in view.

Heteros - means one another of a different kind.
Once more it is so inaccurate to translate both allelon and heteros as "one another" without indicating which kind is in view.


me - means no
as always, this is not always the case. But the most likely case for using "me" for the negative is a simple no.

Example: Mother can I have a piece of candy. "No".

ouk - listen how harsh this sounds. It means "absolutely not".
This is the "no way, no how" negative.

Example: Mother can I have a piece of candy (when he has already had six pieces). "Absolutely not".

ouk me - double negative is VERY strong in the Greek
As strong as ouk is, this is even strong. It is the close the door almost with anger in the voice no, no, no!

Example: Mother can I have a piece of candy (the kid got into the secret stash yesterday and at the whole bag).
"Absolutely not . . . [you may] NOT".

"a" suffix - the alpha prefix (on the front of a word)
This is the Greek method of taking something positive and turning it into the negative.


Amen - "I believe it"

Apollumi - to put out of the way entirely, abolish, put an end to ruin - absolute and total destruction

Grapho - perfect passive indicative (kathos grapho hos)
fully means
"as it is written with the result that it remains written forever,
  [kathos grapho - perfect passive indicative]"

Plerophoria - "stand fast"
Plerophoria here means to stand firm in the faith which has set you free. It means to never think you have to apologize for being a Christian. Evangelize with the power and confidence that is supplied to you by the Word and God the Holy Spirit.

Pneuma - spirit
Pneuma is the Greek word for "spirit". It is used consistently throughout the New Testament originals. Where "ghost" is found in the KJV, it is just a minor translation error. "Ghost" should be used to translate the Greek word "phantasma" - which is the word we transliterate "phantom").

Ginomai - "to be come what you were not before"
Ginomai really needs a complete translation. Its meaning is very specific to indicate that a big change has occurred or needs to occur.

Hupomone - "patience" - "honorable endurance under pressure"
in the NT the characteristic of a man who is not swerved from his deliberate purpose and his loyalty to faith even the greatest trials and sufferings. For more on this, see how Paul used it at Romans 5:3.

Kardia - "heart" - "The part of the soul where doctrine is stored"
God says, "as a man THINKS in his heart, so he is" (Proverbs 23:6c). We build a set of norms and standards in our soul by which we then live our lives. We have the free will choice to replace our human viewpoint with the Divine Viewpoint available to all in the Written Word today. This Viewpoint was the Thinking of Jesus. If you learn and apply the Thinking of Jesus, He (and all Deity) receives the credit/glory. Jesus lives through you.


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