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The gospels were written by 4 men discussing the same topic (the incarnation of Christ), but from 4 different points of view and they emphasize different areas. Matthew presents Jesus Christ as Messiah the King - events are presented in chronological order. Luke presents Jesus Christ as the 'Son of Man' - the ideal Man and is presented in logical order. Mark presents Jesus as the Servant of the Father. And, John presents Jesus Christ as the Eternal Son of God - emphasizing the deity of Christ.

The Recipients of the 'good news' (gospel) were also different. Matthew was written to the Jews and was written in Aramaic or the Hebrew of the time. Mark was written to the Romans. Luke was written to the Gentiles. And, John was written to everyone.

The divine author is God the Holy Spirit. The human author was the Apostle John who also wrote I John, II John, III John, and Revelation. John was the brother of James who was also a disciple of Jesus and was an early martyr of the Church. He was also the son of Zebedee. He wrote the Gospel of John in circa 90 AD.

Chapter 1
{Seven Applications:
  Panoramic View of the Plan of God - Chapter 1: 1 - Chapter 2: 1}
{Verses 1-2 - Application 1 - Christ in Eternity Past}
1~~In the beginning
which was not a beginning {in eternity past that always existed}
was the Word/Logos . . .
and the Word/Logos was face to face with God {God the father} . . .
and the Word/Logos WAS God.

{Note: Logos means 'communication by which ideas are transmitted/transferred'. Christ is the expresser of all bible doctrine (I Corinthians 2: 16). Logos is the concept that controls the universe . . .
infinity . . . the supreme mover is the Lord Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ is also the outward manifestation/appearance of the invisible God the Father. Logos represents the intelligence, express thought and vocabulary by which thinking species organize words into concepts, categories etc. Finally, Logos expresses Order/design/purpose.}

[Note: In Proverbs 23:6c we learn that "as a man thinks in his heart so he is". Apparently, this also applies to God! His Thinking is Pure Divine Viewpoint. It is hard to separate God from His Word.]

{Verse 2-3 - Application 2 - Jesus Christ the Creator of all}
2-3~~This same One
kept on being face to face with God . . .3~~
where all things came into existence by Him {God the Son}
and apart from Him
nothing came into existence
that has come into being.

4~~In Him kept on existing life {eternal life} . . .
and the life was the light of men {I John 1:5}.

5~~The Light {Jesus Christ} shines in the darkness . . .
and the darkness did not overcome it.

{Note: There is no such thing as 'darkness'. Darkness is the absence of light! Bible doctrine is the Mind of Christ. Christ is the light of the World. Bible doctrine is the Light of World.}

{John the Baptist - really should be 'John the Herald' of the King}
6~~There came into existence
a man sent from God
who's name . . . {was} John {John the Baptizer}.

{Note: God uses people to spread the gospel. John was the human herald for Christ at the 1st Advent. Here he is a 'light bearer'. See also Matthew 5: 14 and 16; and Ephesians 5:8.}

{John's Mission - as Herald to the Coming of the Lord in His 1st Advent}
7~~ This same one {John the Baptizer}
came as a witness/herald,
to bear witness of bearing the light . . .
that all {men}
through Him {Christ} . . .
might believe.

8~~ That man {John the Herald}
was not that {true} Light.
But he came in order
that he might bear witness
concerning that {true} Light {Jesus Christ}.

9~~There was the {true} Light {Jesus Christ} . . .
Who kept on existing . . .
which gives light to every man coming into the world.

{Hypostatic Union - Both Man and God in One}
10~~He {Jesus Christ} was in the world {born of a virgin} . . .
and the World was made by Him {Jesus was/is the Creator of the World} and/but the World knew Him not.

{Note: Satan is the great deceiver - so he confuses mankind. He does this through religion; through the super-natural; through snares - see Matthew23; John 3:18; II Corinthians 11:13-14; I Timothy 4:1; I Corinthians 10:18-21; II Corinthians 4: 3-4; Luke 8:12; II Corinthians 11: 11; II Corinthians 2:11; Revelation 12: 9 and 20: 3; II Thessalonians 2 :8-12; II Timothy 2: 26; I Timothy 3:7; Ephesians 4: 27 and II Corinthians 2:11}

{Jesus as the Son of David - to fulfill the Davidic Covenant}
11~~He {Jesus} came to His own {Jews first - as the Messiah and King of Israel}
and His own {religious unbelieving Jews}
received Him not.

{The Way of Salvation; and Doctrine of Eternal Salvation}
12-13~~But in contrast {to the religious Jews}
as many as received {lambano - no merit in receiving} Him . . .
to them
He gave the right/authority/privilege . . .
to become the sons of God {into the Family of God} . . .
{even} to them who believe on His Name/Person . . . 13~~
who were born {gennao}
at a point in time, divorced from time and perpetuated forever . . .
not by blood { not by heredity} . . .
nor the will of flesh {not by human good works -- Titus 3: 5; Ephesians 2: 8-9} . . .
nor of the will of man {no human planning -- II Corinthians 10}
BUT, by the will of God.

{Note: Lambano is the Greek word, which means to receive. There is no merit in receiving anything. The merit is in the One offering the gift. And, it is a Gift. You did not earn it or deserve it, but He, in grace gives it to you anyway.}

{Note: Gennao is in the aorist tense and does mean to be born. But the aorist tense in the Greek means to take the action of the verb, and at that point in time, divorce it from time and perpetuate it forever. So once born into the Family of God, this is a permanent state - eternal salvation.}

{Verse 14 - Application 3 - Jesus Christ and the Incarnation}
{Incarnation of Christ - the Word/Logos/Eternal God BECAME Flesh}
14~~And the Word/Logos {Jesus Christ}
became flesh {virgin birth}
and dwelt/'tabernacled' {skenoo} among us
(and we beheld His glory {His Deity - essence, life, character} . . .
the only/uniquely born
  {came as humanity so He could die for the sins of the world}
of the Father) . . .
full of grace {full of the Plan of God the Father}
and full of Truth/Doctrine {Mind of God}."

{Note: See Revelation 13:6. This is the start of the great 'play on words' joke that God (through John) roasts Satan. Jesus tabernacled/skenoo'ed among us. In Revelation 13:6, Skene and skenoo are used again as a play on words. It bothers Satan who is being kicked out of heaven that in the tribulation the believers are going to be permitted to 'tabernacle' in heaven. So, this is humor at the expense of Satan. As with most arrogant people, Satan does not have a good sense of humor. }

{Verses 15-18: John the Herald's Message Provokes the Pharisees}
15~~John bore witness of Him {Jesus Christ},
spoke publicly, saying,
"This was He of Whom I said,
'He Who comes after me is preferred before me in the past -
with the result that He will always be preferred before me in the future -
because He was before me.' "

{Note: By provoking the reaction of the Pharisees, it will result in the diary of 4 days starting in verse 19.}

16~~ "And of/in His fullness {pleroma}
have we all received grace {phase II grace ~ the spiritual life} . . .
taking the place of grace {previous grace of phase I ~ salvation}."

{Note: Pleroma is the Greek word for 'fullness'. In the New Testament, it is used technically to represent Christ's thinking, doctrine, virtue-love, character . . . all that He is - as is stated in Ephesians - 'Pleroma tou Theo' - All the fullness from God.}

17~~ "For the Law {Mosaic Law}
was given by Moses,
but grace {Plan given in Eternity Past}
and Truth/Doctrine {doctrine that expresses the grace Plan in time}
came by Jesus Christ."

{Note: Moses was a great believer and the Law came by Moses. But Christ was greater and grace was greater. Grace came by Jesus Christ. The details come out in the Epistles written by Paul, Peter, John, etc. But, as Paul tells us all doctrine is the Mind of Christ.}

{Note: Grace is God by God's efforts providing all that mankind needs - the plan of God. It was made possible by the work of Jesus Christ on the Cross. Religion is man trying to achieve the approbation of God through man's own works and is rejected by God as 'evil'.}

18~~ "No man has seen God {God is a Spirit and is invisible}
at any time {through rationalism or empiricism}.
The 'uniquely born'/'only begotten' Son
is in the bosom of the Father {idiom meaning 'face to face with the Father'} . . .
He {Jesus} has declared/explained Him {God the Father}."

{Four Day Diary of John the Herald/Baptizer: The Fulfillment of John 3:30}
{Verses 19:28: 1st Day of the Diary}
19~~ "Now this is the RECORD {the witness/the diary of John as the Herald} . . .
when the Jews {Pharisees in the Sanhedrin Counsel}
sent a delegation of Priests
and Levites from Jerusalem to discredit John . . .
to ask him, "YOU . . . YOU there . . .Who are you?"

20**~~ "He {John the Herald/Baptizer}
stated his case/confessed {homologeo}
and denied nothing stating {homologeo},
"I am not the Christ {Greek for Anointed One - in Hebrew is 'Messiah'}."

{Note: Homologeo is a Greek word that is used in a courtroom setting. It means to state your case with OUT emotion. It was used when a lawyer might cite references to a previous trial. This is the connotation here.}

21~~They asked him {John the Herald/Baptizer},
"What then . . . are you Elijah?"
He said, "I am not."
"Are you that Prophet {refers to Deuteronomy 18: 15,18}?"
He said, "No."

{Note: RBT says the Pharisees were an elect portion of the scribes of the land, who were chosen to represent them in the ruling counsel of the land - the Sanhedrin Counsel. The Pharisees were very intelligent and well versed in Old Testament doctrine. Unlike the Sadducees also on the counsel, the Pharisees believed the stories of the Old Testament to be true and accurate. The Apostle Paul, prior to his conversion to Christianity, was a powerful Pharisee on the Sanhedrin Counsel. The Pharisees knew that the scriptures stated that Elijah was to return (resuscitation) and be the Herald for the Messiah. They were 'twisting' Moses' words in Deuteronomy 18: 15,18 where Jesus was said to be coming as the prophet AND Messiah. Side note: Elijah will be the Herald . . . with Moses when they become the two witnesses for the 2nd Advent of Christ - see Revelation 11:2.}

22~~Then they said to him {John the Herald/Baptizer},
"You boy! Who are you (?) . . .
that we may give an answer
to those who sent us?
What do you say about yourself?"

{Note: The Pharisees admit they are on a mission to find out about this man who is drawing just great crowds of listeners. Probably so they could discredit him and 'dispose' of him in some way.}

{Note: John the Herald/Baptizer, from the Scriptures, is said to be 'that prophet who lead the way for Christ' with references in John 1: 6; Luke 1: 7,13; and Matthew 11: 11. But John the Herald never said these things about himself. He knew what was important was 'who and what God and the grace of God was', not 'who and what John was'.}

23~~He {John the Herald} said,
"I am the voice {makes the message the issue not himself}
of one crying in the desert/wilderness {few people or legalism in a desert}.
Make straight the way of the Lord,
said the prophet Isaiah {Isaiah 40:3}."

{Note: The people came out to hear John the Herald/Baptizer . . . who only made an issue out of God's message of doctrine. John was needed to separate himself from the legalism of the 'religion' of the Temple in Jerusalem so he went out in the desert. God provided the hearers. His authority is the authority of the Word of God and John states it here.}

24~~And they which were sent were of the Pharisees.

25~~They asked and said to him {John the Baptist},
"Why do you baptize
if you are not the Christ . . . not Elijah . . . nor the prophet?"

{Note: In the Old Testament, out by the brazen altar, was a brazen laver and in this laver, was water. Whenever the priest performed any function in the tabernacle and later the temple, he washed his hands and feet in the laver . . . teaching the doctrine of confession/rebound. This provision of restoration is now provided to the priesthood. John was converting the brazen laver into a ritual of baptism. The water out of the laver and the water out of the River Jordan from the time of Joshua was a picture of Jesus Christ bringing a new Kingdom, an eternal Kingdom, made up of a Kingdom of Priests. Jesus Christ Himself is our high priest.}

{Note: John was baptizing in the River Jordan where Joshua - while crossing the River Jordan - took 12 stones out of the river and placed them at Gilgal on the other side of the river. Gilgal means "circle" and it symbolizes "eternal life or place of eternity". This is the meaning of current and retroactive positional truth. Then Joshua took 12 different stones from on the bank and placed them back into the river Jordan. This is symbolic of water baptism. Joshua used stones . . . John used people. In John's baptism, down in the water represented 'identification with Christ's death . . . down with human good'. Coming up out of the water represented 'identification with Christ in His resurrection . . . up with divine good and God's Grace'.}

26~~ John {John the Herald/Baptizer} answered them,
"I baptize with water,
but there stands One {Jesus} among you {in Jerusalem}
Whom you know not {negative volition of the listeners}."

27~~"It is He Who comes after me . . .
Who's shoe laces
I am not worthy to un-tie."

{Note: John was totally Occupied with Christ. He understood Who was the important One.}

{Second Day of John The Baptist Diary - Verses 29-34}
28~~These things were done in Bethabara {point of Joshua's crossing},
beyond Jordan . . .
where John was baptizing.

{Note: Bethabara is 'the house of the passage'. The place where Joshua led the Jews across the Jordan River ~ the spot where he led them across is very significant. This is where John is baptizing in the River Jordan.}



This page is sponsored by Kenneth Sidley, CPA.

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