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I Samuel

In the book of I Samuel we see the narrative of the action in the life of David. Many of the Psalms should be studied at the same time, because they tell us what the people were thinking while the action occurred. The Psalms are often songs of happiness or sorrow.

Chapter 1

1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim,
of mount Ephraim,
and his name was Elkanah,
the son of Jeroham,
the son of Elihu,
the son of Tohu,
the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite.

2 And he had two wives;
the name of the one was Hannah,
and the name of the other Peninnah
and Peninnah had children,
but Hannah had no children.

3 And this man went up out of his city yearly
to worship and to sacrifice
unto Jehovah/God of armies/hosts in Shiloh.

And the two sons of Eli,
Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of Jehovah/God,
were there.

4 And when the time was that Elkanah offered,
he gave to Peninnah his wife,
and to all her sons and her daughters, portions.

5 But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion;
for he loved Hannah . . .
but Jehovah/God had shut up her womb.

6 And her adversary also provoked her sore,
for to make her fret,
because Jehovah/God had shut up her womb.

7 And as he did so year by year,
when she went up to the house of Jehovah/God,
so she provoked her; therefore she wept,
and did not eat.

8 Then said Elkanah her husband to her,
Hannah, why do you weep?

And why do you not eat?

And why is your heart grieved?

Am not I better to you than ten sons?

9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh,
and after they had drunk.

Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat
by a post of the temple of Jehovah/God.

10 And she was in bitterness of soul,
and prayed unto Jehovah/God, and wept sore.

11 And she vowed a vow, and said,
O Jehovah/God of the armies/hosts,
if you will indeed look on the affliction of your handmaid,
and remember me, and not forget your handmaid,
but will give unto your handmaid a man child,
then I will give him unto Jehovah/God
all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head.

12 And it came to pass,
as she continued praying before Jehovah/God,
that Eli marked her mouth.

13 Now Hannah, she spoke in her heart;
only her lips moved,
but her voice was not heard
therefore Eli thought she had been drunken.

14 And Eli said unto her,
How long will you be drunken?

Put away your wine from you.

15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord,
I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit.

I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink,
but have poured out my soul before Jehovah/God.

16 Count not your handmaid for a daughter of Belial
for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief
have I spoken hitherto.

17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace
and the 'Elohiym/Godhead of Israel
grant you your petition that you have asked of him.

18 And she said,
Let your handmaid find grace in your sight.

So the woman went her way, and did eat,
and her countenance was no more sad.

19 And they rose up in the morning early,
and worshipped before Jehovah/God, and returned,
and came to their house to Ramah
and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife;
and Jehovah/God remembered her.

20 Wherefore it came to pass,
when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived,
that she bare a son,
and called his name Samuel, saying,
Because I have asked him of Jehovah/God.

21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house,
went up to offer unto Jehovah/God the yearly sacrifice,
and his vow.

22 But Hannah went not up;
for she said unto her husband,
I will not go up until the child be weaned,
and then I will bring him,
that he may appear before Jehovah/God,
and there abide forever.

23 And Elkanah her husband said unto her,
Do what seems you good; delay/tarry
until you have weaned him;
only Jehovah/God establish his word.

So the woman abode,
and gave her son suck until she weaned him.

24 And when she had weaned him,
she took him up with her, with three bullocks,
and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine,
and brought him unto the house of Jehovah/God in Shiloh
and the child was young.

25 And they slew a bullock,
and brought the child to Eli.

26 And she said, Oh my lord, as your soul lives, my lord,
I am the woman that stood by you here,
praying unto Jehovah/God.

27 For this child I prayed;
and Jehovah/God has given me my petition
which I asked of him.

28 Therefore also I have lent him to Jehovah/God;
as long as he lives
he shall be lent to Jehovah/God.

And he worshipped Jehovah/God there.