In the book of
I Samuel we see the narrative of the action in the life of David.
Many of the Psalms should be studied at the same time, because they
tell us what the people were thinking while the action occurred. The
Psalms are often songs of happiness or sorrow.
Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim,
his name was Elkanah,
son of Jeroham,
son of Elihu,
son of Tohu,
son of Zuph, an Ephrathite.
And he had two wives;
name of the one was Hannah,
the name of the other Peninnah
Peninnah had children,
Hannah had no children.
And this man went up out of his city yearly
worship and to sacrifice
Jehovah/God of armies/hosts in Shiloh.
the two sons of Eli,
and Phinehas, the priests of Jehovah/God,
And when the time was that Elkanah offered,
gave to Peninnah his wife,
to all her sons and her daughters, portions.
But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion;
he loved Hannah . . .
Jehovah/God had shut up her womb.
And her adversary also provoked her sore,
to make her fret,
Jehovah/God had shut up her womb.
And as he did so year by year,
she went up to the house of Jehovah/God,
she provoked her; therefore she wept,
did not eat.
Then said Elkanah her husband to her,
why do you weep?
why do you not eat?
why is your heart grieved?
not I better to you than ten sons?
So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh,
after they had drunk.
Eli the priest sat upon a seat
a post of the temple of Jehovah/God.
And she was in bitterness of soul,
prayed unto Jehovah/God, and wept sore.
And she vowed a vow, and said,
Jehovah/God of the armies/hosts,
you will indeed look on the affliction of your handmaid,
remember me, and not forget your handmaid,
will give unto your handmaid a man child,
I will give him unto Jehovah/God
the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head.
And it came to pass,
she continued praying before Jehovah/God,
Eli marked her mouth.
Now Hannah, she spoke in her heart;
her lips moved,
her voice was not heard
Eli thought she had been drunken.
And Eli said unto her,
long will you be drunken?
away your wine from you.
And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord,
am a woman of a sorrowful spirit.
have drunk neither wine nor strong drink,
have poured out my soul before Jehovah/God.
Count not your handmaid for a daughter of Belial
out of the abundance of my complaint and grief
I spoken hitherto.
Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace
the 'Elohiym/Godhead of Israel
you your petition that you have asked of him.
And she said,
your handmaid find grace in your sight.
the woman went her way, and did eat,
her countenance was no more sad.
And they rose up in the morning early,
worshipped before Jehovah/God, and returned,
came to their house to Ramah
Elkanah knew Hannah his wife;
Jehovah/God remembered her.
Wherefore it came to pass,
the time was come about after Hannah had conceived,
she bare a son,
called his name Samuel, saying,
I have asked him of Jehovah/God.
And the man Elkanah, and all his house,
up to offer unto Jehovah/God the yearly sacrifice,
But Hannah went not up;
she said unto her husband,
will not go up until the child be weaned,
then I will bring him,
he may appear before Jehovah/God,
there abide forever.
And Elkanah her husband said unto her,
what seems you good; delay/tarry
you have weaned him;
Jehovah/God establish his word.
the woman abode,
gave her son suck until she weaned him.
And when she had weaned him,
took him up with her, with three bullocks,
one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine,
brought him unto the house of Jehovah/God in Shiloh
the child was young.
And they slew a bullock,
brought the child to Eli.
And she said, Oh my lord, as your soul lives, my lord,
am the woman that stood by you here,
For this child I prayed;
Jehovah/God has given me my petition
I asked of him.
Therefore also I have lent him to Jehovah/God;
long as he lives
shall be lent to Jehovah/God.
he worshipped Jehovah/God there.